The amount of information and news that can currently be found on the subject of Internet censorship in China is much more than in other countries presented. One of the reasons for this is probably that China is currently the focus of global economic interest.
The first email was sent to Germany in 1987. In 1994, the responsible authorities were given permission to set up the Internet in China and to connect to the then existing global network. In 1996, the first censorship regulations for the Internet were issued.
So were forums, guest books, one or the other job exchange etc. ransacked for illegal content. Similar to the country’s economic growth, the number of Internet users has grown explosively since then.
The Internet agency, the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC), recorded in its annual report an increase in Internet users from 630,000 in 1997 to 137 million users at the end of 2006. Despite this enormous In terms of number of users, China is one of the few countries that know how to protect its population from “harmful content”. However, this method also has disadvantages: some pages are not found on the Internet, for example an online job search would complicate.
The ROF sees the secret of success in a clever mix of filtering techniques, suppression and good diplomacy. Chinese Internet users feel threatened by additional espionage and logging methods, as well as harsh legal consequences, which often results in self-imposed censorship. In China, 62 people are currently detained for online publications that violate the censorship law. The range of blocked content is similar to that of Saudi Arabia.
The 2005 Open Net Initiative report on China’s Internet filtering found efforts to prevent access to content containing political, pornographic, and religious material. Examples of blocked sites include information about the Dalai Lama, the Tian’anmen massacre or anti-communist movements.
ONI is also impressed by the dominant, well thought-out and effective form of the Chinese internet censorship system. The consequences of the distorted access to information for Chinese Internet users are profound and worrying. The success of the “Great firewall of China” can be attributed, among other things, to the support of Western companies such as search engine providers, which have had to face massive criticism as a result.
Google, As the most widely used search engine provider in the world, whose motto is “Don’t be angry”, the Chinese version of Google (google.cn) imposes self-censorship, just like MSN and Yahoo, which conform to the requirements of the Communist Party. This support of the censorship is the prerequisite for the search engine providers to be able to operate on the Chinese market at all and thereby to leave the chance open to get something from the big money cake in the booming China.